外贸术语大全(中英对照)



价格条件术语

    价格术语trade term (price term)    

    运费freight  

    单价 price           

    码头费wharfage  

    总值 total value        

    卸货费landing charges  

    金额 amount         

    关税customs duty  

    净价 net price         

    印花税stamp duty  

    含佣价price including commission  

    港口税portdues  

    回佣return commission   

    装运港portof shipment  

    折扣discount,allowance    

    卸货港port of discharge  

    批发价 wholesale price  

    目的港portof destination  

    零售价 retail price     

    进口许口证inportlicence  

    现货价格spot price     

    出口许口证exportlicence  

    期货价格forward price  

    现行价格(时价)current price prevailingprice  

    国际市场价格 world (International)Marketprice  

    离岸价(船上交货价)FOB-free on board  

    成本加运费价(离岸加运费价) C&F-cost and freight  

    到岸价(成本加运费、保险费价)CIF-cost,insurance and freight

国际贸易术语

    出口信贷 export credit  

    出口津贴 export subsidy  

    商品倾销 dumping  

    外汇倾销 exchange dumping  

    优惠关税 special preferences  

    保税仓库 bonded warehouse  

    贸易顺差 favorable balance of trade  

    贸易逆差 unfavorable balance of trade  

    进口配额制 import quotas  

    自由贸易区 free trade zone  

    对外贸易值 value of foreign trade  

    国际贸易值 value of international trade  

    普遍优惠制 generalized system of preferences-GSP  

    最惠国待遇 most-favored nation treatment-MFNT  

交货条件术语

    交货delivery    

    轮船steamship(缩写S.S)  

    装运、装船shipment  

    租船charter (the chartered shep)  

    交货时间 time of delivery  

    定程租船voyage charter;  

    装运期限time of shipment    

    定期租船time charter  

    托运人(一般指出口商)shipper,consignor  

    收货人consignee  

    班轮regular shipping liner  

    驳船lighter  

    舱位shipping space       

    油轮tanker  

    报关clearance of goods   

    陆运收据cargo receipt  

    提货to take delivery of goods  

    空运提单airway bill      

    正本提单original B\L  

    选择港(任意港)optional port        

    选港费optional charges  

    选港费由买方负担 optional charges to be borne by the Buyers 或 optional charges for Buyers’ account  

    一月份装船 shipment during January 或 January shipment  

    一月底装船 shipment not later than Jan.31st.或shipment on or before Jan.31st.  

    一/二月份装船 shipment during Jan./Feb.或 Jan./Feb. shipment  

    在......(时间)分两批装船 shipment during....in two lots  

    在......(时间)平均分两批装船 shipment during....in two equal lots  

    分三个月装运 in three monthly shipments  

    分三个月,每月平均装运 in three equal monthly shipments  

    立即装运 immediate shipments  

    即期装运 prompt shipments  

    收到信用证后30天内装运 shipments within 30 days after receipt of L/C  

    不允许分批装船 partial shipment not allowed / partial shipment not permitted
    允许分批装船 partial shipment not unacceptable  

交易磋商、合同签订

    订单 indent        

    订货;订购 book; booking  

    电复 cable reply

    实盘 firm offer  

    递盘 bid; bidding   

    递实盘 bid firm  

    还盘 counter offer    

    发盘(发价) offer  

    发实盘 offer firm     

    询盘(询价) inquiry;enquiry  

  指示性价格 price indication  

    速复 reply immediately  

    参考价 reference price  

    习惯做法 usual practice  

    交易磋商 business negotiation       

    不受约束 without engagement  

    业务洽谈 business discussion  

    限**复 subject to reply **  

    限* *复到 subject to reply reaching here **  

    有效期限 time of validity    

    有效至**: valid till **  

    购货合同 purchase contract    

    销售合同 sales contract  

    购货确认书 purchase confirmation  

    销售确认书 sales confirmation        

    一般交易条件 general terms and conditions  

    以未售出为准 subject to prior sale  

    需经卖方确认 subject to seller’s confirmation  

    需经我方最后确认 subject to our final confirmation  

交易方式

    INT (拍卖auction)       

    寄售consignment  

    招标invitation of tender  

    投标submission of tender  

    一般代理人agent      

    总代理人general agent  

    代理协议agency agreement  

    累计佣金accumulative commission  

    补偿贸易compensation trade  

    (或抵偿贸易)compensating/compensatory trade  

    (又叫:往返贸易) counter trade  

    来料加工processing on giving materials  

    来料装配assembling on provided parts  

    独家经营/专营权exclusive right  

    独家经营/包销/代理协议exclusivity agreement  

    独家代理 sole agency; sole agent; exclusive agency; exclusive agent  

品质条件

    品质 quality      

   原样 original sample  

    规格 specifications    

   复样 duplicate sample  

    说明 description    

   对等样品 countersample  

    标准 standard type   

   参考样品 reference sample  

    商品目录 catalogue   

   封样 sealed sample  

    宣传小册 pamphlet     

   公差 tolerance  

    货号 article No.    

   花色(搭配) assortment  

    样品 sample 5%     

   增减 5% plus or minus  

    代表性样品 representative sample  

    大路货(良好平均品质)fair average quality  




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